Stream Wise

About Stream Wise

About Stream Wise

Stream Wise engages streamside property owners in the Lake Champlain basin to enhance and protect vegetated stream buffers, increasing flood resiliency and benefiting water quality and natural habitat.

Get Involved

Do you think you have the best buffer in your neighborhood? Is your stream nice and shady? Stream Wise AWARDS and RECOGNIZES private landowners that maintain wide buffers of native plants along the sections of the rivers and streams that they own to foster stream health and resiliency throughout the Lake Champlain basin, in rural, suburban, and urban areas.

If you own streamside property, ask about our FREE property assessment and awards program. Do you want to help protect and improve the streams and rivers in your community? Reach out to be connected to local volunteer opportunities with Stream Wise.

Do you live in the Lake Champlain basin?

What is the name of your local watershed? Find out with our interactive map.

Stream Wise Award Map

Explore the growing Stream Wise community.

8 Steps for Streams

There are many steps you can take to protect and restore the native vegetation and natural processes of land near rivers and streams.

These steps to support healthy streams and build community resilience can range from stopping a harmful practice, to doing nothing and letting nature heal with ecological succession; or actively stabilizing soil, planting native species, and other practices to restore natural structures and functions of a riparian ecosystem.

1) Widen your vegetated buffer

The wider the natural vegetation along a stream or river, the better for water and wildlife. Ways you can do this are to stop mowing and let vegetation grow, plant native species, and mark off the area or fence plantings to protect from disturbance.

2) Do not disturb buffer vegetation

Natural vegetation near rivers and streams, including dead plant material, provides numerous benefits to water, wildlife, and flood resilience. Let your native buffer grow wild, especially within 15’ of your stream, but ideally within 50’ or more – no mowing, weed whacking, raking, or removing woody debris. Leave the ‘duff’ – leaves, twigs, and other organic matter on the ground – it soaks up water, prevents erosion of soil, and build soil organic matter to support nutrient cycling and plant health.

3) Plant diverse multi-layered native vegetation

Plant trees, replacement trees/saplings, shrubs, and herbaceous perennials (flowers, grasses, ferns) to mimic natural plant communities and maximize diverse rooting systems and habitat niches. Prioritize regionally native plants – check out native plant resources and nearby undisturbed streamside plant communities for inspiration. Select local nurseries that grow natives themselves and are pesticide-free.

4) Remove or contain invasive plants

Invasive plant species outcompete native species, create a monoculture that does not stabilize streambanks as well, and do not support wildlife. See info on individual invasive species for best removal tactics. The ‘island’ removal method is shown here, focusing removal efforts on the most dense areas, and then working outwards.

5) Maintain your view and timber resources and protect vegetation

If necessary, practice selective cutting within the buffer, but no closer than 15’ to your stream.

Instead of cutting entire trees for a view, limb up and cut the bottom 1/3 of branches to open up view windows and frame your beautiful view! Timber harvest only in dense stands of forest. Do not remove anything below 3’ to protect streambank stability and prevent land loss.

6) Minimize and plan for pathways

Stream access is important to enjoy the beauty and benefits, but wise access is even more important! Prevent erosion and gullies created by straight pathways down a slope – make pathways run across contour (e.g., switch-back paths), divert water runoff with water bars, and make pathway material pervious.

7) Capture and soak water runoff

Direct water runoff from lawns, decks, patios, pathways, and other impervious or semi-impervious areas in the buffer to vegetated areas that can slow water down, hold it, and allow it to soak in slowly, thereby filtering water and preventing erosion and pollution from entering your stream! Green infrastructure practices such as vegetated swales, infiltration trenches, and rain gardens can be used to treat water runoff and protect our vital water re-sources.

8) Convert channelized runoff to dispersed sheet flows

All water runoff reaching the vegetated buffer should be dissipated into sheet flow and not concentrated to protect the buffer from erosion and maximize its efficacy. Meadow filter strips, vegetated swales, rain gardens, dry wells, infiltration trenches and basins, level spreaders, and other green infrastructure practices can be used to achieve this.

A stream like this…

The stream pictured suffers from a narrow buffer and lack of vegetation along the edges. The following image is a simulation showing a roughly 50’ re-naturalized riparian buffer of multi-tiered diverse native vegetation. Though some of the field is taken out of agricultural production, the land is protected from further erosion, sloughing of the bank, and the resulting loss of valuable land.

…is healthier like this.

Stream Wise Property Assessment

Our property assessment and evaluation is evidence-based and aligns with riparian buffer programs, regulations, and guidelines for Vermont, New York, and Quebec.

We partner with watershed organizations, conservation districts, and water quality groups to inform and recognize private landowners that maintain wide buffers of native plants along the sections of the rivers and streams that they own. Stream Wise is fostering stream health and resiliency throughout the Lake Champlain basin, in rural, suburban, and urban areas.

We provide the tools, connections, messaging and resources needed for our partners to work directly with their local stream communities. Our Community Partners conduct outreach, perform site assessments, provide targeted recommendations, technical assistance, and award our Stream Wise Award for Best Management Practices in a Vegetated Stream Buffer.


Stream Wise promotes best management practices to protect land, water and functional wildlife corridors.


Stream Wise is non-regulatory and completely voluntary. We award actions by streamside landowners to sustain healthy waterways.


Stream Wise is regionally responsive. We encourage private property owners to adopt and promote stream buffering protection and restoration practices.

Our Community Partners

Ausable River Association

The Ausable River Association helps communities protect their streams and lakes. Using a scientific approach and informing stewardship by residents and visitors, they generate solutions to problems facing the watershed.

Franklin County Natural Resource Conservation District

FCNRCD promotes land use that supports human livelihoods and sustains ecosystems in Franklin County, VT, and empowering landowners and land-users to address natural resource concerns through USDA and locally-developed programs.

Franklin Watershed Committee

The Franklin Watershed Committee improves the healthful integrity of the Franklin Watersheds so that the uses and values desired by the people are assured, and to enhance the water quality and aesthetic values of Lake Carmi as a recreational facility. 

Friends of the Mad River

Friends of the Mad River is dedicated to stewarding the Mad River Valley’s healthy land and clean water for our community and for future generations. Our work is grounded in sound science, inclusive education and engagement, and thoughtful action.

Friends of Northern Lake Champlain

Friends of Northern Lake Champlain is a non-profit organization that acts to clean the waters of northern Lake Champlain and its watershed by collaborating with citizens, businesses, farmers and government. Our focus is on catalyzing the actions and accountability needed to reduce land-use pollution and securing local, state, and federal funding for implementation.

Friends of the Winooski River Inc.

Friends of the Winooski River is working to restore and protect their watershed by reducing pollution, improving habitat, and increasing floodplain resiliency, while encouraging sustainable enjoyment of the river. 

Grand Isle County Natural Resources Conservation District

Grand Isle County Natural Resources Conservation District is committed to preserving the environmental and cultural vitality of the Champlain Islands by fostering public education about its unique habitats and resources, promoting enhanced land management for landowners and farmers, and providing leadership and education to all conservation stewards.

Greensboro Association

The Greensboro Association’s mission is to conceive, advance and support village initiatives and organizations that enhance our community, and to protect Caspian Lake and its surrounding environment.

Lake Champlain Committee

LCC is a bi-state nonprofit environmental organization that uses science-based, advocacy, education, and collaborative action to protect water quality, safeguard habitat, combat pollution, and foster stewardship throughout the Lake Champlain Watershed.

Lamoille County Conservation District

The Lamoille County Conservation District has been conserving and protecting soil, water, and natural resources for the local community since 1945.

Missisquoi River Basin Association

The Missisquoi River Basin Association’s goal is to restore and maintain the ecological integrity of the Missisquoi River system so that the uses and values desired by the community are supported by the river and quality of its water.

Organisme de basin versant de la baie Missiquoi

L’Organisme de bassin versant de la baie Missisquoi is recognized by the Government of Quebec as being responsible for the integrated water management area of the Missisquoi Bay watershed to affirm the collective character of water resources and to strengthen their protection.

Paul Smith’s College Adirondack Watershed Institute

Paul Smith’s College Adirondack Watershed Institute is committed to protecting clean water, conserving habitat and supporting the health and well-being of people in the Adirondacks through scientific inquiry, stewardship and real-world experiences for students.

Stream Wise was first developed by a team of regional experts, convened by the Lake Champlain Basin Program (LCBP), who drew upon current research, riparian buffer programs around the country, and existing regulations in Vermont, New York, and Quebec. FluidState Consulting, Greenleaf Design, and The Image Farm were awarded the grant contract by the LCBP to develop Stream Wise in consultation with the project’s advisory committee and local community partners via an agreement awarded by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to NEIWPCC in partnership with the LCBP.

Advisory Committee: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation, New York State Adirondack Park Agency, Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program

2024 Stream Wise Assessors include staff from: Ausable River Association, Franklin County Natural Resource Conservation District, Franklin Watershed Committee, Friends of the Mad River, Friends of Northern Lake Champlain, Friends of the Winooski River Inc., Grand Isle Natural Resources Conservation District, Greensboro Association, Lake Champlain Committee, Lamoille County Conservation District, Missisquoi River Basin Association, Organisme de basin versant de la baie Missiquoi, and Paul Smith’s College Adirondack Watershed Institute.

Stream Wise is a project of the Lake Champlain Basin Program and NEIWPCC.