Stream Wise

Outils d’évaluation Rives Actives

Outils d’évaluation Rives Actives

Resources available for our Community Partnersin the Lake Champlain basin include our assessment protocol, dynamic atlas and field reporting app, plus tools and tips for communicating the Stream Wise mission.

Processus

Sensibilisation locale

Évaluation de la propriété

Certification et prix

Prochaines étapes et assistance technique

Suivi et réévaluation

Documentation

Protocole d’évaluation et critères d’évaluation

Le protocole d’évaluation Rives Actives pour les propriétés situées le long des cours d’eau est basé sur une recherche menée sur les programmes, les réglementations et les lignes directrices en matière de zones tampons riveraines au Vermont, dans l’État de New York et au Québec, dans le cadre d’une subvention parrainée par le Lake Champlain Basin Program (Programme du bassin du lac Champlain).

Atlas d’évaluation de bureau

Use the Stream Wise Atlas to complete the Desktop Assessment portion of the Stream Wise assessment prior to going into the field. Enter data from the Atlas in your Survey123 app.

Survey123 App

Stream Wise uses Survey123 to record data. Contact LCBP for login information.

L’application est disponible sur iTunes App Store et Google Play.

Report Template

Formulaire de champ

Formulaire d’évaluation de la propriété

Desktop Form

Formulaire d’évaluation de la propriété

Feedback Form

For 2024 Stream Wise Community Partners: Submit questions, feedback, challenges, and any other ideas for improving Stream Wise.

Tutoriels

Webinaire d’introduction à Rives Actives
Webinaire sur l’image de marque et la communication
Desktop Assessment Webinar

Vidéo de formation complète pour les évaluateurs VT, NY et QC

Évaluation du bureau pour VT

Assesseurs du VT : Veuillez regarder cette vidéo pour les instructions concernant le Vermont.

Évaluation de bureau pour la ville de New York

Évaluateurs de l’État de New York : Veuillez regarder cette vidéo pour les instructions concernant l’État de New York.

Évaluation de bureau pour le contrôle de la qualité

Évaluateurs du Québec : Veuillez regarder cette vidéo pour les instructions du Québec.

Dossier de presse

Panneau de récompense

Les sites qui reçoivent le signe Rives Actives représentent des propriétés modèles, respectueuses des cours d’eau.

Messages et bonnes pratiques de gestion

Ce guide vous aidera à présenter Rives Actives, à communiquer son impact et à susciter l’engagement.

Guide de style

Ce guide fournit des normes de conception et des recommandations pour maintenir l’image de marque de Rives Actives.

Kit médias sociaux

Ce kit aide Rives Actives et ses organisations hôtes à gérer des comptes de marque sur les médias sociaux.

Logos

Téléchargez les logos officiels de Rives Actives à utiliser dans vos communications.

Graphics & Print Materials

Téléchargez les graphiques officiels de Rives Actives pour les utiliser dans vos communications.

Photos

Téléchargez les photos approuvées pour les utiliser dans vos communications Rives Actives.

Enjeux et solutions

Largeur du tampon

Arrêter le fauchage et adopter une zone de non fauchage, prévenir les espèces végétales envahissantes.

  • The simplest way to establish a Riparian Buffer is to stop mowing and/or remove development from the buffer to allow vegetation to grow. If this is the method used to re-vegetate a riparian buffer, invasive species must be managed and not allowed to take over. Areas that have been disturbed (e.g., compacted soils, areas with fill, lawns treated with herbicides, eroded soils) and areas that have significant invasive species presence nearby are high risk for invasive species takeover. Invasive prevention and removal may be necessary, including planting native species to out-compete and removal of invasives.
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program has guidance for Establishing No-Mow Zones.
  • New York DEC provides an excellent guide to Managing Invasive Plants in Riparian Areas.
  • Quebec provides resources under the Pelouse Durable (Sustainable Lawn) program site.
  • The Alliance for Chesapeake Bay also provides an in-depth Citizen’s Guide to the Control of Invasive Plants in Wetland and Riparian Areas including special consideration for riparian areas and control techniques.

Planter une végétation diversifiée.

  • Planting a native buffer will require selecting a variety of plant species adapted to the site (soils, sun/shade, wind, climate/hardiness, natural plant communities nearby, etc.), including trees, shrubs, and herbaceous perennials, sourcing the plants in container, balled & burlap (B&B), tube stock/tree pot, bare root, or live stake form, and planting them in a way that minimizes erosion, covers bare soil, and maximizes water retainment.
  • The ideal time to plant is spring (April-June) or fall (September-October). Woody shrubs and trees can be planted when the ground is not frozen. Herbaceous perennials can be planted when leaves are on the trees (spring bud out – leaves falling).
  • Watering is an important part of planting to ensure the greatest survival, plan on watering 1-3 times/week during dry spells for the first growing season, and 1 time/1-2 weeks during dry spells for the 2nd and 3rd growing season, as needed.
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program provides guidance on planting native buffers Planting & Maintaining Vegetation Areas.
  • Winooski NRCD’s Vermont Trees for Streams Resource Guide provides an in-depth overview of restoring riparian buffers, including terminology and planning goals, site analysis considerations, plant material types, planting, and maintenance.
  • Missisquoi Bay Watershed Organization/Organisme de Bassin Versant de la Baie Missisquoi (OBVBM) provides a comprehensive visual guide for restoring and planting streambanks, available in both French as Guide de mise en valeur riveraine and English as Shoreline Management Guide.
  • Vermont DEC provides planting specifications, plant sources, and technical assistance resources in the Planting Guidance for the Revegetation of Riparian Areas in Vermont.
  • Information on planting natural plant communities and selecting native plant species can be found from VT DEC Lake Wise Program info sheet Planting & Re-Naturalizing Areas.
  • The Federation of Vermont Lakes & Ponds provides a A Guide to Healthy Lakes Using Lakeshore Landscaping, including site planning, prepping, and planting information with design templates, sample planting plans, and a plant list.
  • Lists of native plant species can be found in Vermont Lake Wise’s Native Plant List, Lake George DIY Water Quality Native Plant Species Index, and the The Vermont Rain Garden Manual.
  • Riparian natural plant communities can be found in VT Fish & Wildlife’s Wetland, Woodland, Wildland book.

Toitures

Patios

  • Permeable Pavers (or other Permeable Surface): VT Guide to Stormwater for Homeowners (p. 33). A variety of materials can be used to make an impervious surface permeable (or pervious). Ideal for sites with well drained soils. For decks within buffer, ensuring that underlying soils are uncompacted and well-drained can be sufficient to minimize runoff.
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program also has guidance for Pervious Pavement
  • Vegetated Swale & Infiltration Trench. VT Guide to Stormwater for Homeowners (p. 27 & p. 21). Features can be located at edge of patio where runoff collected (if patio is sloped). Swales can be used in soils that don’t infiltrate well to slow and spread runoff. Infiltration trenches are for sites with well drained soils.
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program also has guidance for Infiltration Trenches.
  • Rain Garden: VT Guide to Stormwater for Homeowners (p. 29) and Vermont Rain Garden Manual. Similar to Vegetated Swales and Infiltration Trenches, Rain Gardens can be used at the edge of patios (or decks) to either slow and spread runoff or infiltrate it.
  • Filter Berm: VT Guide to Stormwater for Homeowners (p. 25). For sloping sites with somewhat constrained space and poorly drained soils, filter berms can capture runoff and slow it before allowing it to drain through the filter berms porous soils.
  • As of January, 2021, Vermont’s Lake Wise Program is developing guidance for a Vegetated Berm.

Pelouses ou autres aménagements paysagers

  • Vehicle Access must of minimal width (maximum 12’ or 4m) and pervious if possible (permeable surfaces could include pervious pavers or porous concrete/asphalt). If not possible, concentrated flows should be minimized.
  • Water Bars: See below under Access Pathway for reference.
  • The VT Guide to Stormwater Management for Homeowners has a two-page section on Strategies for Rural Driveways (p. 41-42) which outlines additional strategies including spacing for ditch relief culverts for managing uphill flows to driveways, flow diffusers to culvert or water bar outlets, and a simplified guide to driveway shaping and surface stabilization techniques.
  • For additional options and practices see the Vermont Better Roads Manual and the New York Rural Roads Active Management Program manual (these manuals have considerable overlap) for more detailed design of water bars, driveway shaping and stabilization, turnout, ditch stabilization, and culvert design.
  • MRC Brome-Mississquoi also offers the Technical Guide – Environmental Management of Ditches to improve runoff from vehicle access paths.
  • Access paths must be of minimal width (maximum 6’ or 2m) and pervious (aerated grass, uncompacted gravel, crushed stone, or pervious pavers or similar). A few single track foot paths are okay, but limit access to one main pathway and vehicle access where possible. For steeper Access Paths that create concentrated flow to a stream or river, see below for strategies.
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program has guidance for Planning Pathways, a resource which outlines general steps to take for pathway creation or improvement.
  • Water Bars: VT Guide to Stormwater Management for Homeowners (p. 23). Water bars serve to interrupt long stretches of concentrated flow using angled humps in the pathway with outlets on the downhill side. Outlets must be stable (using a small rain garden or simply a small hole can be sufficient).
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program has guidance on Water Bars as well as Open Top Culverts and Rock Aprons which are used in the same way.
  • See also the Turnout Guidance from Lake Wise for ideas on managing runoff near Access Paths and stabilizing outlets of waterbars or open top culverts
  • Infiltration Stairs: VT Guide to Stormwater Management for Homeowners (p. 31). If access is provided by stairs, using stairs constructed of wooden retaining timbers with uncompacted gravel or stone between them can eliminate runoff from concrete stairs. If stairs are wooden, ensure that there are gaps in board to allow rain to pass through and that soil underneath stairs is uncompacted and allows runoff to infiltrate.
  • Vermont’s Lake Wise Program has guidance on Infiltration Steps.

Zone tampon

  • See the Width section for strategies for controlling concentrated flow from development.
  • In certain cases, there may be existing drainage features (ditches, swales), designed to eliminate upland runoff to development that are routed directly to a stream or river. Outlets to the stream or river should be eliminated and flows from the feature should be dispersed prior to entering the riparian buffer using the appropriate technique from the Width section strategies.
  • Similar to the above issue, upland areas may be causing erosion over the stream or river bank. Evaluate if this is the case and implement one of the previously mentioned solutions.
  • Use Quebec’s Shoreline Management Guide (Guide de mise en valeur riveraine, p. 33-35) for guidance on installing new rip rap if unavoidable or planting vegetation in existing rip-rap (see also p. 65 for specific guidance for planting in stone rip rap).
  • See also the Vermont Lake Wise Program guidance for Resloping, Rock Toe and Rip Rap for additional information.
  • The Vermont Shoreline Stabilization Handbook has a additional detailed guidance on practices to be used in existing or proposed rip rap situations under the Biotechnical Section (p. 31) with instructions for vegetated rip rap and gabion walls and mattresses, and vegetated cribbing or live cribbing.
  • Use Quebec’s Shoreline Management Guide (Guide de mise en valeur riveraine, p. 36-38) for guidance on developing a vertical ‘shorewall’ or other retaining wall.
  • Additionally the Vermont Shoreline Stabilization Handbook Biotechnical Section (p. 31) provides additional guidance on how to integrate vegetation in retaining walls.

Végétation tampon

  • Determine the tiers of vegetation that are not present and possible reasons for not being present, e.g., a mature Hemlock forest may not have any – or very few – shrubs and herbaceous groundcovers, which is a functioning forest ecosystem and can still be given the Stream Wise Award. However, if there is no shrub or herbaceous groundcover layer because the homeowner has been weed whacking and mowing in the buffer, then they must stop all disturbance and allow the shrub and herbaceous layer to return to be able to be awarded the Stream Wise Award. Remediation practice for specific tiers is as follows:

Il n’y a pas de couvert végétal ni de grands arbres matures :

  • Plant trees in bare root, tube stock/tree pot, container, or ball and burlap form, protect them from deer grazing by putting a wire fence around them if deer are prevalent, and water them regularly until established.
  • Select trees that will be well-adapted to the climate, soils (clay, sand, silt, loam, compacted, moisture levels), hardy to wind/ice/snow disturbances, potential flooding conditions (dependent on site), and amount of sun available.

Il n’y a pas de jeunes arbres de remplacement :

  • Plant seeds of existing trees (e.g., acorns from Oaks, samaras from Maples, cones from Speckled Alder, pits from Black Cherries, cones from Hemlocks, etc.).
  • Plant saplings of native trees existing in the buffer or nearby, or trees that would be well-adapted to the site.
  • Stop removing vegetation on the forest floor and allow saplings to grow.

Il n’y a pas d’arbustes :

  • Plant native shrubs adapted to the site.
  • Stop removing brush from understory, do not cut anything below 3’ (1m).

Il n’y a pas de plantes vivaces herbacées ni de plantes couvre-sol / sol nu :

  • Allow duff layer to build up.
  • Aerate bare/compacted soils by poking holes with rake or scouring with rake and adding erosion control matting, leaves, or mulch.
  • Seed with native forest mix.

Il n’y a pas de couche d’humus ou de sol nu :

  • Do not remove leaves or mow.
  • Do not remove dead wood, plant material, and other debris.
  • Add leaves from lawn, wood chips, mulch, or erosion control matting to start the build-up of duff.
  • See ‘Plant diverse vegetation’ under teh Buffer Width issues and solutions section for technical resource guidance.

Bibliothèque de ressources

Afin de mettre au point un programme régional de récompenses « Rives Actives » qui encourage les propriétaires privés à adopter et à promouvoir des pratiques de protection et de restauration des zones tampons des cours d’eau sur leur propriété, une bibliothèque de ressources a été créée pour améliorer la compréhension des ressources liées à la protection des zones tampons des cours d’eau ou à d’autres pratiques de protection des zones riveraines.

Revue de la littérature

Il ne s’agit pas d’une analyse documentaire exhaustive de toutes les pratiques possibles de tamponnage des cours d’eau ou de restauration des zones riveraines, mais plutôt d’une base qui servira à l’élaboration des grandes lignes du programme en tant que point de référence pour les réglementations, programmes et pratiques existants susceptibles d’être incorporés dans Rives Actives. Le développement du programme Rives Actives permettra d’éviter les chevauchements, de communiquer les ressources existantes et de combler les lacunes nécessaires pour aider les propriétaires riverains à être de bons intendants des cours d’eau.

Comité consultatif : U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Vermont Fish and Wildlife Department, New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation, New York State Adirondack Park Agency, Adirondack Park Invasive Plant Program.

2024 Les évaluateurs Stream Wise comprennent des membres du personnel de : Association de la rivière Ausable, District de conservation des ressources naturelles du comté de Franklin, Comité du bassin hydrographique de Franklin, Amis de la rivière Mad, Amis du nord du lac Champlain, Amis de la rivière Winooski Inc, District de conservation des ressources naturelles de Grand Isle, Association de Greensboro, Lake Champlain Committee, Lamoille County Conservation District, Missisquoi River Basin Association, Organisme de bassin versant de la baie Missiquoi, et Paul Smith’s College Adirondack Watershed Institute.

Stream Wise est un projet du Lake Champlain Basin Program et du NEIWPCC.